February 2, 2014

fear defined

We’re All One ~ The Spiritual Side of George Carlin

*****

‘Dear Einstein, Do Scientists Pray?’

That’s the question that occupied the thoughts of a sixth-grade Sunday school class at The Riverside Church, and who better to pose it to than one of the best scientific minds of our time, Albert Einstein?

A young girl named Phyllis penned a polite and inquisitive note to the great physicist, and she was probably surprised to receive a considerate reply. The exchange was published in the book “Dear Professor Einstein: Albert Einstein’s Letters to and from Children,” edited by Alice Calaprice.

She wrote:

January 19, 1936My dear Dr. Einstein,

We have brought up the question: Do scientists pray? in our Sunday school class. It began by asking whether we could believe in both science and religion. We are writing to scientists and other important men to try and have our own question answered.

We will feel greatly honored if you will answer our question: Do scientists pray, and what do they pray for?

We are in the sixth grade, Miss Ellis’s class.

Respectfully yours,

Phyllis

He replied a mere five days later, sharing with her his thoughts on faith and science:

January 24, 1936Dear Phyllis,

I will attempt to reply to your question as simply as I can. Here is my answer:

Scientists believe that every occurrence, including the affairs of human beings, is due to the laws of nature. Therefore a scientist cannot be inclined to believe that the course of events can be influenced by prayer, that is, by a supernaturally manifested wish.

However, we must concede that our actual knowledge of these forces is imperfect, so that in the end the belief in the existence of a final, ultimate spirit rests on a kind of faith. Such belief remains widespread even with the current achievements in science.

But also, everyone who is seriously involved in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that some spirit is manifest in the laws of the universe, one that is vastly superior to that of man. In this way the pursuit of science leads to a religious feeling of a special sort, which is surely quite different from the religiosity of someone more naive.

With cordial greetings,

your A. Einstein

*****

Transcending the Negative

by Zen Gardner

The world has gone insane, clearly. People simply react to whatever is put before them. But this is only apparent if you’re watching. The degree of insanity we’re witnessing has broken all previous boundaries yet it continues to be portrayed as “normal”.

The interesting phenomenon to watch is when personal worlds collide with this manipulated mainstream narrative. That’s where the synthesis takes place that creates the next levels of so-called normality as people subconsciously integrate the swill being introduced into their own lives and hence project it into the society at large.

It’s carefully steered and controlled beyond the comprehension of those they’re puppeteering.

These phenomena are quite something to behold and it’s clearly more disturbing by the day. We have to take it in small doses or it will take us down with it, which is no doubt their intention. Infect, weaken and control – at every possible level is their mantra.

Finding a Positive Balance

It’s important to be informed, yes, but it’s also important to have an overwhelming ballast of true knowledge and conscious awareness in your tank. Without a foundation your building will be rocked and swayed by this onslaught of completely disempowering nonsense. I can’t stress that enough, and most are well aware of this.

[More…]

*****

What It Really Means to Be a Seeker of TRUTH

Flickr - Truth - geezaweezerChristina Sarich, Staff Writer
Waking Times

We are all whistleblowers if we want to be. It starts with keeping ourselves accountable. As I watch my own mother decline in a state of extended, deteriorating health, a woman who was couched in the modern medical paradigm as a registered nurse, and who once helped the local police solve a murder with psychic knowledge in her youth, I split the hairs between what is ‘real’ and ‘unreal’ on a daily basis. But, isn’t that what we all do as Truth seekers – try to peel apart the layers of philosophy, doctrine, dogma, televised propaganda, government lies, religious rhetoric, peer-pressure, and self-delusion? It is a long list, I know, but as seekers of Truth, you will often find yourself stuck in the ‘seeking’ mode, when truth lies in the ‘being’ mode just as profoundly.

I write about the world as I see it –the crazy juxtaposition of chemtrails in the skies and a thousand baby seagulls dancing and diving over the strangely windy firmament. A lake I haven’t driven past in months, its edges receding from the shore like an old, wizened man’s hairline, its depths possibly the burial grounds for a rock-formation of a many aeons-old civilization. It is a reminder of the depths which are in us – ignored, tossed out, suppressed, and lingering. The lies we’ve perpetually told our ourselves – that the family abuses we’ve suffered can be stuffed down without causing cancer or dementia. That the cars we drive and the goods we buy won’t harm the environment to such an extent that we won’t even be able to breathe without poisoning ourselves. That one day, that the way we treat other people, including entire nations, won’t come back to haunt us.

The whistleblowers of our time are also a projection of our longing to finally see the Truth. We can’t fix a planet without seeing it for what it truly is. Just as a disease is often fixed with the accoutrements of modern medicine, but more truly through a healing crisis which often includes some pretty heavy emotional upheaval – years of suppressed anger, fear, greed, sadness, etc. – our world is experiencing a ‘healing’ crisis. As one writer in the New York Times recently commented with regard to healing, “After nearly a century stuck on the side of the body, the pendulum has recently cut a wide arc toward the mind.” I’ll amend this statement a bit ,though, and say the pendulum has swung toward consciousness – because awareness extends beyond the mind.

*****

Peter Chiarelli, who had just finished his term as the Army

Pete Carroll, Super Bowl Coach, Is a 9/11 Truther

(but you won’t see main stream media touch that with a 10 ft. pole!!!)

Last spring, Carroll grilled four-star general, Peter Chiarelli –  who had just retired as the US Army’s Vice Chief of Staff –  about whether 9/11 was an inside job. Carroll expressed skepticism about whether an airliner really hit the Pentagon, and apparently also remarked on the obvious controlled demolition of World Trade Center Building 7, and the only slightly less-obvious explosive demolitions of the Twin Towers: “Every 9/11 conspiracy theory you can think of, Pete asked about,” said Riki Ellison, an ex-football player turned military advocate who was present at the meeting.

Gen. Chiarelli was understandably annoyed by Carroll’s questions about 9/11. Obviously the general could not publicly deviate from the official story of 9/11 without endangering his career – and perhaps his life. So Carroll was basically forcing Chiarelli to lie. By confronting Chiarelli about the all-too-obvious 9/11 inside job – the biggest barrel of political dynamite in US history – Pete Carroll became an honorary member of We Are Change, an activist group that specializes in guerrilla video “interviews” with suspected 9/11 cover-up criminals and traitors.

See Related:

Revisionist History # 11; Rethink 9/11 ’cause it’s right on the money!

*****

The Military Industrial Sports Complex

  • EmailShare

0201a_metlife_50p

by Zen Gardner

Well, it’s upon us again, and the world looks with anticipation to the big super display bowl, rife with military exercises of course. I’m not going to belabor the idiocy but wanted to say something, mainly the BS indoctrination they saturate the naive viewers with. Whether football, basketball, baseball, soccer, the Olympics, it’s the perfect stage to feature their occult program of personal sacrifice to the fascist State of Control.

Emotions run high at these events. Not just in those attending personally, but those freaking out in front of their televisions. With high emotions and dilated spirits comes the perfect condition for indoctrination.

a-college-football-coach-wore-full-military-fatigues-during-game

And they use it. Bathed in patriotic displays and tributes and peppered with multi-million dollar advertising gimmicks and promotions, these stinkers slip in every possible corporo- illuminist sales point and cause they’re told to push. And with a whole lot of sex appeal.

Besides unwavering support to sacrifice your children to the Moloch of the military industrial complex, the NFL, via minions like Bob Costas and other well heeled mouthpieces, have been dutifully pushing many state programs including, most recently, gun control for some time now – as if that has anything to do with a so-called recreational sport. What’s interesting this year is the marijuana issue, as the two cities represented are in states that have legalized pot to some extent. Let’s see how they handle it, but don’t trust a damn thing they say.

playball

The Military Industrial Sports Complex

Sunday, February 2nd, 2014. Filed under: Just Zen
  • 0

     

    Share

0201a_metlife_50p

by Zen Gardner

Well, it’s upon us again, and the world looks with anticipation to the big super display bowl, rife with military exercises of course. I’m not going to belabor the idiocy but wanted to say something, mainly the BS indoctrination they saturate the naive viewers with. Whether football, basketball, baseball, soccer, the Olympics, it’s the perfect stage to feature their occult program of personal sacrifice to the fascist State of Control.

Emotions run high at these events. Not just in those attending personally, but those freaking out in front of their televisions. With high emotions and dilated spirits comes the perfect condition for indoctrination.

a-college-football-coach-wore-full-military-fatigues-during-game

And they use it. Bathed in patriotic displays and tributes and peppered with multi-million dollar advertising gimmicks and promotions, these stinkers slip in every possible corporo- illuminist sales point and cause they’re told to push. And with a whole lot of sex appeal.

Besides unwavering support to sacrifice your children to the Moloch of the military industrial complex, the NFL, via minions like Bob Costas and other well heeled mouthpieces, have been dutifully pushing many state programs including, most recently, gun control for some time now – as if that has anything to do with a so-called recreational sport. What’s interesting this year is the marijuana issue, as the two cities represented are in states that have legalized pot to some extent. Let’s see how they handle it, but don’t trust a damn thing they say.

playball

– See more at: http://www.zengardner.com/military-industrial-superbowl-complex/#sthash.1RkbtPUH.dpuf

*****

California Legalized Homemade Food And Created Over 1200 Local Businesses

How to Naturally Reverse Cavities and Heal Tooth Decay

Permaculture And The Myth Of Scarcity

*****

mad scientist melting earth

Our Chemically Nucleated Snow ~ The Readers Observations:

(ed ~ In Northern California, the frost does not unfreeze against the Northern slopes, even when the temperatures were in the 70’s last week.  I grew up in snow and I never felt frost like this.  Very dense and with a smell to it.)

These are comments from http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/chemically-nucleated-snow-what-is-it/

We live in northeast Washington and have been subject to the same drought conditions that California is experiencing. At last, it snowed yesterday. Today we watched the clip “Shouldn’t Snowballs Melt?” and decided to try it ourselves. We got snow that just fell last night off our deck, made a ball, and held it over a 300 degree wood stove. It took 7 minutes to get a water drop! Ghastly stuff! And I see the kids outside eating it, like we used to do when we were kids. But nobody I know wants to hear it.
If I had the money, I would rent a billboard and try to get people’s attention that way. I would take out whole page ads in the local newspaper. If someone wanted to hire me, I would work full time to put a stop to this insanity.
Susan

Adam Evenson says:

There’s no doubt something is seriously wrong. I live in South Alabama about 20 miles north of the Northern Florida line. I’ve also known what snow is supposed to look like and behave for most of my 74 years. What fell here was so radically different from anything I know anything about that I am 100% certain it was engineered. “Arctic blast” was a bullshit story to cover the anomalous nature of the storm. It was ten or twelve degrees below freezing when I took my two dogs out for a walk at my country home, just before bedtime for the night, around 9 PM. A sheet of snow-appearing ice covered the ground. It was hard and slick. What was falling from the sky was wet and slushy and I had to use an umbrella. When it hit the house roof it behaved as water and trickled into icicles at the edge of the roof, but when it hit the other substance on the ground, it froze instantly and added to what was already there. Ordinary water in 20 degrees air does not turn into slush while it’s coming down then freeze instantly on the ground. Not in Southern Alabama. Either it is ice or snow accompanying ice or snow, but not slushy water. Further, it has been quite warm in these two days since the ground turned all white, but all the whiteness is not gone yet, as long should be the case. Anything in the shade refuses to melt. So yes, this is government hanky-panky to the max. The deniers will be happily smiling dumb smiles at Officer Friendly’s “benign” antics until the bullet crashes into the backs of heads. How many millions of times has it happened in the history of a sick, evil humankind now? Ah, but it can’t happen again, right? Ha, ha, ha.

darrell allen says:

Indianapolis is covered w/ nucleated snow and a quart if it takes five hours to melt indoors…@75 degrees…tanker jets spray the chemicals into a rain storm…Waaalaaaa…snow 18 inches thick…life threatening…causes drought and evaporates…burning if causes chemical.

Bella_Fantasia says:

There is no doubting the warmth in Alaska. It has never been this warm in January, and I’ve been here over thirty years. In the short term I’m worried about our beloved dog sled races due to start shortly. In the long term, knowing what we all know from this site, I’m worried about everything. When I first came, I felt good being off the beaten track. Who could have foreseen Alaska both playing such a terrible role in this crime (with HAARP) and also being so profoundly affected by the manipulation?

Okay, so at first, when I saw the report on it snowing above freezing, I was a bit skeptical. I wondered if I would ever witness that. Well, we have had several snow days, this year so far.. more snow than I have seen in years and I been around a long time. We have had freezing temperatures at an unusual rate as far as I can estimate. My son was just trapped in the snow storm that hit Atlanta, trapped in his car for over 12 hours. But one day a few days ago, it snowed and it was 43 degrees. The temperature quickly dropped, but I saw that, and then I said, wow, it’s happening here. I live in NJ.
The weather is beyond bizarre, the sky is crazy covered in trails, and I get dizzy when I go outside. Unfortunately, there are more deniers than there are folks who are paying attention and taking notes. All you really have to do is “look up”.
Dane, thanks for all your hard work on this issue. The videos are going around about “fake snow” and the debunkers are running after them. This article helps to clarify the science. Thanks again, you are much appreciated.

*****

It’s All About the Methane Gas Release In the Arctic That Decides Humanities Fate

METHANE MADNESS

The really scary monster hidden in the ice is the thousands of billions of tons of methane tenuously frozen in far northern tundra and Arctic seafloor sediments. Nobody sane wants it wafting into Earth’s atmosphere. Not after what happened last time.

Methane is often said to be 20-times more heat-trapping than CO2. But that’s over a century. Over a 10-year time horizon, every molecule of methane is 100-times more potent than CO2. [Geoengineering Watch]

The Arctic contains 40% of Earth’s stored carbon and is warming several times faster than the rest of us. Nearly half of all this methane-producing permafrost is close to thawing. [Proceedings of the National academy of Science; Science Feb 12/13; Register Feb 12/13]

Even worse is all that warming water. More than 51 million tons of methane is already bubbling up every year from the biggest continental shelf in the world – the East Siberian Arctic Shelf. “If only 1% of permafrost carbon were to be released each year, that could double the globe’s annual carbon emissions,” geophysicist Vladimir Romanovsky calculates. [Guardian Jan 14/10; National Science Foundation; Cosis; LA Times Feb 22/09]

*****

A natural gas drilling rig operates as natural gas piping rises from underground

Fracking U.S.A ~ How We Are Killing Ourselves Off Because “Our Lifestyle is Not Negotiable”

According to former Mobil Oil executive Lou Allstadt, the greatest danger of fracking is the methane it adds to the atmosphere through leaks from wells, pipelines, and other associated infrastructure. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has found leakage rates of 2.3% to 17% of annual production at gas and oil fields in California, Colorado, and Utah. Moreover, no technology can guarantee long-term safety decades into the future when it comes to well casings (there are hundreds of thousands of frack wells in the U.S. to date) or in the millions of miles of pipelines that crisscross this country.

The energy industry boasts that fracking is a “bridge” to renewable energies, but a 2012 Massachusetts Institute of Technology study found that shale gas development could end up crowding out alternative energies. That’s because as fracking spreads, it drives natural gas prices down, spurring greater consumer use, and so more fracking. In a country deficient in regulations and high in corporate pressures on government, this cascade effect creates enormous disincentives for investment in large alternative energy programs.

*****

Living near fracking sites increases infant birth defects – study

*****

As the rest of the U.S. is in the Big Freeze, not allowing fracking activities to continue, the pressure is on to step it up in California to supply the country and reap profits that have nearly doubled in a few months for those that can produce.

Will our “leaders” choose to feed the farmers so that the American people can have food on their table this Spring and summer or the frackers backed by whorporations and globalists…hmmmm…..???

Fracking, and it’s Enormous Water Needs, Comes to California

Oct 30 2013 (Reuters) – California’s lawmakers have ensured the state will remain a major oil and gas producer by approving new legislation allowing hydraulic fracturing and acid treatments to rejuvenate its ageing wells in exchange for strict controls and tougher enforcement.

There’s a new water interest bidding for California’s limited water supplies, and the managers of California’s historic agriculture-centric water districts in the Central Valley aren’t smiling.

With a finite supply of water, Sacramento may have to choose between expanding food production or fracking wells and oil and natural gas production. Either option will likely lead to increases in food or energy costs for consumers.

Out-of-state, (primarily Texas-headquartered) energy companies with deep pockets from record profits and the strongest lobby in Sacramento are anxious to extract as much severance tax-free California oil from the ground as quickly as possible.

Anticipating that a Democratic two-thirds majority could finally mean an end to their decades long free ride they spent so much political action money achieving, not just Exxon/Mobil, but Texaco, Chevron and British Petroleum are all outbidding agricultural water interests by a 3-to-1 margin.

For California farmers, the loss of hundreds of thousands of acre feet of water from the districts means an increase in rates and fewer acre feet allotments intended for new groves of pistachios and almonds, vineyards of grapes and fields of water-intensive alfalfa, tomatoes and corn, that likely will be planted either without increases in acreage or an increase in fallowed fields this year.

According to state ag business analysts, the energy companies’ water grab will likely translate to higher food prices for consumers and increased cost to the production of bio fuels like ethanol that rely on the availability of cheap and abundant corn harvests.

Agriculture water districts from Modesto to Maricopa are reportedly alarmed by the purchasing power of energy companies who are buying up as much water as they can with financial resources traditional agriculture water districts can’t match – as much as three times the rate water districts expected to pay.

In Kern County, still the largest oil producing county in California, fracking wells have already consumed 2.8 trillion gallons of potable drinking water from the aqueduct. This industrial use of the water was never envisioned or allotted for by the State’s Department of Water Resources or State Water Project.

****

California Halts Tap Water Delivery as Drought Bites

Chris Carrington
Activist PostCalifornia officials have warned that tap water may not be delivered to local agencies that distribute it to homes in the state. Two thirds of residents in the state and more than a million acres of farmland get part or all of their water from the California Department of Water Resources.Mark Cowin director of the Water Resources Department said in an interview with Bloomberg:

This isn’t a coming crisis, this isn’t an evolving crisis. This is a current crisis.

*****

Case Study in Professional Propaganda; How Preschool Got Hot after Presidents Speech.

The President says that preschoolers need to be get in school more (prehistory?).  The next days the daily presstitutes promote the idea that the government is doing such a bang up job of educating the older kids, they must now focus on the toddler with programs like ZEROTOTHREE. http://www.zerotothree.org/

In reality they’re coming for the baby’s now, because as laid out by Arne Duncan in his 2009 interview with Charlie Rose,  “parents are having to work 2-3 jobs now and its the states responsibility to care for there children”.

Please note there is no debate nor evidence that children that young need schooling nor choosing instead to use the money instead to feed our children healthier food.

*****

feldman

“I Was Literally Surrounded By Them When I Was 14″ – Corey Feldman Exposes Hollywood Pedophilia

 

Adopted daughter accuses Woody Allen, in Times post, of assaulting her at age 7

“I Was Literally Surrounded By Them When I Was 14″ – Corey Feldman Exposes Hollywood Pedophilia – See more at: http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/01/30/i-was-literally-surrounded-by-them-when-i-was-14-corey-feldman-exposes-hollywood-pedophilia/#sthash.bCa74kdF.dpuf

*****

WiFi – The Invisible Killing Fields

by Jamie Lee, Contributor | Waking Times

“There are no safe levels of radiation.” –Barrie Trower, Physicist and former Military expert on Microwave Radiation

The mass rollout of Wifi over the past decade has been phenomenal as to how integrated it has become in all facets of our society and our personal lives. Yet few have asked the most important of all questions, ‘Is it Safe?’ At what levels does ever increasing Wifi become dangerous to human health? Can it, or, is it affecting our electronic bodies, our well being and our abilities to think? And to what degree, if any, do invisible radio and microwave frequencies begin to affect our own DNA structures?

Over the past few years, and secretly for decades, scientific and medical evidence has shown conclusively that the low frequency pulsed radio and microwave frequencies are causing significant damage to our cells resulting in extreme increases in autism, heart irregularities, brain wave changes, cancer and generational fertility destruction in males but even more significantly in females. The most prominent changes due to WiFi radiation though is with our children and teenagers due to their developing immune systems and thinner skeletal structures:

[More…]

*****

We Are Giving Ourselves Cancer

*****

and012613web

“The Economic Picture Is Looking Brighter”: Nearly Half of America Lives Paycheck-to-Paycheck

But as evidenced by a report out Thursday from the Corporation for Enterprise Development, nearly half of Americans are living in a state of “persistent economic insecurity,” that makes it “difficult to look beyond immediate needs and plan for a more secure future.”

In other words, too many of us are living paycheck to paycheck. The CFED calls these folks “liquid asset poor,” and its report finds that 44% of Americans are living with less than $5,887 in savings for a family of four.

*****

TEPCO Books $7.54 Billion On Bailout

Tepco, the operator of Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, said Friday it booked a whopping $7.54 billion April-December profit owing to an electricity rate hike and its massive government bailout

Nuclear Engineer: Fukushima Radiation Will Go All Around The World In Underground Water

*****

Iraq’s Staggering Death Toll In January

Thailand: Government Prepares War of Terror against Thai Population: “I Want There to be Lots of Violence to Put an End to all This”

By Tony Cartalucci | Global Research

Wall Street-backed billionaire prepares war of terror against Thai population in the name of purging the “elite.”

– The London Telegraph published a disturbing admission taken directly from deposed dictator Thaksin Shinawatra’s “red shirt” leader Wuttipong Kochthammakul, also known as “Ko Tee.” The Telegraph admitted:

“This is already a war, but so far it is an unarmed war,” said Ko Tee. “If there is a coup, or the election doesn’t happen, then it definitely becomes an armed war.”

If anyone doubted the abyss into which Thailand could be heading, Ko Tee – who has been accused of orchestrating grenade attacks on anti-government marches in the thai capital – is the living proof.

“I want there to be lots of violence to put an end to all this,” he said. “I’m bored by speeches. It’s time to clean the country, to get rid of the elite, all of them.”

*****

wall2rise

Pre Crime Comes Home to Roost; Spy Agencies Work On Psychologically Profiling Everyone

US Nuclear Cheating Scandal Widens

Henry Waxman, Key Lackey for the Globalists to Retire, So are dozens of House Members.

(rats deserting the ship?)

“It’s been frustrating because of the extremism of Tea Party Republicans,” Mr. Waxman said in an interview on Wednesday. “Nothing seems to be happening.”

The frustration is felt on both sides. More than 30 House members have announced they will retire, resign or run for other offices this year, including stalwarts like George Miller, Democrat of California; Tom Latham, Republican of Iowa; Frank R. Wolf, Republican of Virginia; and Howard P. McKeon of California, chairman of the Armed Services Committee.

*****

Kerry Signals Advance Of ‘North American Union’

Secretary of State John Kerry presented evidence that a plan originating with the George W. Bush administration to evolve NAFTA into a European Union-style confederation in North America between the U.S., Mexico and Canada has been put into overdrive with the Obama administration’s effort to obtain “fast track authority” to rush the Trans-Pacific Partnership through Congress with limited debate.’

*****

CFR (Council on Fake Realities) Vaccine-Created Outbreaks? MAP

Mumps Outbreak Involved 97% Vaccinated Children

National Library of Medicine California Pertussis Epidemic 2010

91% Fully Vaccinated Involved in Pertussis Outbreak

Vaccine Exemption Forms

Whooping Cough Outbreak Involved 90% Vaccinated Kids

*****

Monsanto Is A Major Culprit In The Decline Of Monarch Butterlfies


First Custom Monkeys Created Through Precision Genetic Manipulation

***

Filed Under the “How Low Can WE Go?” category

Rutgers University offers course studying Beyonce

Beyonce is one of the world’s most scrutinized pop stars, and now that study is moving to academia.

The Department of Women’s and Gender Studies at Rutgers University in New Jersey is offering a course called “Politicizing Beyonce.” Kevin Allred, a doctoral student who is teaching the class, tells the university’s online news site that he is using Beyonce’s career as a way to explore American race, gender and sexual politics..

Georgetown University has a class called “The Sociology of Hip-Hop: The Urban Theodicy of Jay-Z,” focusing on Beyonce’s rapper husband.

4-year College Degree Average Cost:

Rutgers: $ 117,000

Georgetown: $ 226,000

****

CORRECTION Jamaica Rasta Rights


Rastafarians lay claim to historic Jamaica hilltop

KINGSTON, Jamaica (AP) — Rastafarians rallied Thursday in Jamaica’s capital to lay claim to a hilltop site where a founding father of the spiritual movement led a flourishing community in the 1940s before it was destroyed by British colonial authorities.

About 100 people wearing the faith’s colors of red, green and gold recited poetry, smoked marijuana and discussed recent efforts to prevent a housing developer from building on a rocky hilltop dubbed “Pinnacle.”

Leonard P. Howell founded the group’s first self-sustaining settlement there more than 70 years ago, and the site in St. Catherine parish is considered sacred to Rastafarians.

About 4,500 people once lived in the community, but it was razed in 1954, setting off years of persecution by the state. For decades, Rasta adherents were treated as second-class citizens in Jamaica and other Caribbean islands.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: